Notepad++ is a free and powerful text editor which is making the work for developers and programmers so easy to edit code in multiple programming languages without shifting to another specific language text editor to edit or write the code.
It has the great support of numerous plugins to make you even more productive.

First thing first:

At the end of the Post you will be able to:

  • Compile and run any language code with just using a common shortcut for all languages (I personally like ALT+Z because keys are closer …lazy coders 😛 )
  • If you only want to compile the code with a shortcut that’s cool too ( like ALT+C ..see ..again laziness)
  • If you choose to only run the program with shortcut that’s fine (like ALT+X or anything less lazy :mrgreen: )

The shortcuts you will set will work for all languages. The Script which I’ll provide automatically detects the compiler for the corresponding language and run the program.

There are 2 ways by which you can see the output of a program:

1. Inside the Console window of Notepad++:

Console in Notepad++ to A Powerful Multi Language IDE

Ain’t that cool?

2. Or in Command prompt of Windows:

CMD Notepad++ to A Powerful Multi Language IDE

Patterns! Nostalgic much?

I personally like to see the compilation errors (if any) in Notepad++ console but run the program in cmd ( yup! we can configure this too 😀 )

So, let’s build the stuff:

1. Install Notepad++ from here and install it.

Bonus step:

  • Apply some dark theme in Notepad++  (to feel more geekish 😀 )
  • Go to Notepad++ -> Settings -> Style Configurator  then follow below image to set theme:
Dark themes in Notepad++ to A Powerful Multi Language IDE

Dark themes = Coder’s love!

2. Install a plugin called ‘NppExec’:

This plugin lets you create command macro within a built-in console of Notepad++ and prints the results in that console

  • Go to Notepad++ -> Plugins -> Plugin Manager -> Show Plugin Manager
  • Find Npp_Exec, install it and restart Notepad++
Adding NppExec script - Notepad++ to A Powerful Multi Language IDE

As simple as 1, 2 & 3.

3. Install necessary Compilers and set PATH of Compilers in ‘System Variables’.

3.1 Download compilers for languages you want to run:

💡 The script will still work properly if you skip some compilers.
( I’m looking at you C/C++ Coders 😈 )

For Java:
  • Download latest “JDK” from here (install JDK not JRE) (~200MB)
For C/C++:
  • Download and install “Orwell Dev-C++ IDE” from here (~50MB)

This C++ IDE includes a stable compiler for C/C++ which we’ll use from NotePad++ to compile and run C/C++ code (you can also find and install some other variant of C++ compiler)

For C#:
  • No need to install Visual Studio, Windows comes with built-in .NET compiler 😎
For Python:
  • Install python from here (~25MB)

3.2 Setting PATH of Compiler in ‘System Variables’:

  • Right click on Computer -> Properties -> Advance System setting -> Environmental Variables  under ‘System Variables’ find ‘Path’ and Click ‘Edit’:
Setting system path for Notepad++ to A Powerful Multi Language IDE

Setting system path is important.

  • Now, append the Path of Compilers in ‘variable value’ field. Add paths at the end of the line (do not delete the existing text!)
  • Before adding the paths please check the correct Path It may be different for your PC!
  • Semi colon (;) symbol is important after the each path as It marks the end of the previous path so you can add a new one.
For C/C++:
  • C:\Program Files (x86)\Dev-Cpp\MinGW64\bin;
For Java:
  • C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.8.0_51\bin;
For C#:
  • C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319;
For Python:
  • C:\Python34;

 

Update: There is a direct way to add new paths in the latest update of Windows 10. Click on the ‘New’ button to add paths:
Adding Environment variable in Windows 10 - Notepad++ to A Powerful Multi Language IDE

Adding Environment Variables in Windows 10


 

You can check these paths by opening CMD and typing gcc for C/C++, Java for java, csc for C#, python for Python (one at a time):

Verifying paths in command prompt - Notepad++ to A Powerful Multi Language IDE

Looks like we are ready?!

4. Copy Pasting script in Notepad++ folder:

  • Open Run using WIN+R write %appdata% and hit enter.
  • Now navigate to Notepad++ -> plugins -> config folder in PC.
  • Download NppExec script and extract files in config folder (replace NppExec.ini).
Extracting the NppExec script - Notepad++ to A Powerful Multi Language IDE

Extracting the NppExec script

5. Set shortcut:

This is the final step ( I promise 😛 ) to set the desired shortcuts in Notepad++.

  • Go to Settings-> Shortcut mapper.
  • Select Plugin commands and scroll to the bottom of the list.
  • There you can set the desired shortcuts for scripts.

That’s all folks!


Now you can create a new file in Notepad++ CTRL+N for writing code of C/C++/Java/C#/Python or open an existing code file and compile/run with your shortcuts. Make sure to save the file with proper extension like .c / .cpp / .cs / .java /.py instead of .txt

(For geeks)
Complete repository of NppExec scripts can be found here:
https://github.com/JerryGoyal/Notepad-plus-plus-NppExec-plugin-Multiple-Languages-Compile-and-Run-Scripts/


Currently, this script support C, C++, Java, C# and Python Language. Comment below and let us know if you want support for any additional language 🙂

Happy Coding!